Stellantis: FCA and Groupe PSA merger confirmed

Official: merger between two car giants becomes effective as of 16 January 2021 

Stellantis logo

The merger between Groupe PSA and FCA has been finalised creating the world’s fourth largest manufacturer by volume. Carlos Tavares, former PSA boss, will run the newly formed company as CEO, while other managerial positions will be confirmed in the coming days. 

The name Stellantis refers to the Latin word “stello,” meaning “to brighten with stars.” Based on the most recent sales figures, Stellantis should have an annual production volume of 8.7 million units, which places the firm behind only the Volkswagen Group, Toyota and the Renault-Nissan Alliance. The newly combined company will also become the world’s third largest manufacturer by revenue, with an annual turnover of €170 billion (£144.3 billion).

Renault-Nissan Alliance launches cost-saving initiative

The merger looks to be an advantageous move for both parties – PSA will gain access to American markets and FCA may be able to make use of PSA’s newer (and electrified) vehicle platforms. Further opportunities, such as autonomous and connected vehicle projects, may also be in the pipeline.

Ownership of the merged company will be split 50/50 between PSA and FCA shareholders. The former brand’s investors will be allocated a €5.5 billion (£4.7bn) dividend, while the latter firm’s shareholders will receive a reported €3 billion (£2.6bn). 

PSA: moving towards the American market

As it stands, the merger could put PSA’s proposed plans to enter the North American market on hold, according to Tavares, given FCA’s strong presence there already. “We see the strength of FCA in North America is outstanding, and we have 12 months ahead [while the merger process concludes] to think about it.”

However, should the US introduce any regulatory changes related to CO2 emissions, PSA would be primed to introduce its low-emission vehicles there. Tavares added: “All the electrification know-how we have developed for the European market would be a very significant asset to bring to the US market for the appropriate level of improvement.” 

We’ll have to wait for the first fruits of the merger, but potentially no longer than a couple of years. Mike Manley, former FCA CEO, noted the quick development time of the new Opel/Vauxhall Corsa after the brands were acquired by PSA, saying that “it shows you that, with the speed and the focus, you can actually converge on platforms very quickly.”

Profit, mergers and global partnership trends

FCA had net revenues of €115.4 billion (£99.66bn) on sales of 4.84 million vehicles across brands including Fiat and Jeep in 2018, on which profits of €5bn (£4.3bn) were generated – an increase of 34 per cent over the previous year. Groupe PSA, meanwhile, sold 3.88 million vehicles in 2018, generating €74 billion (£63bn) in revenue and €3.295 billion (£2.844bn) in consolidated net income – which was up 40.4 per cent on 2017.

Car companies are increasingly seeking business synergies and mergers as markets become ever-more competitive and crowded – and regulations continue to make the future of vehicle production uncertain. In April 2019, news broke that FCA would link up with Tesla to share its “pool” of CO2 emissions in order to comply with EU regulations. Ford, meanwhile, will use Volkswagen’s MEB platform to build electric cars from 2023.

Mike Manley, who is expected to oversee Stellantis’s operations in North America, said: "I'm delighted by the opportunity to work with Carlos and his team on this potentially industry-changing combination. We have a long history of successful cooperation with Groupe PSA and I am convinced that together with our great people we can create a world class global mobility company."

Do you think the Fiat Chrysler and Peugeot Citroen merger is a good idea? Let us know your thoughts below...

Recommended

Best Italian modern classic cars 2022
Best Italian modern classics - Header image
Modern classics

Best Italian modern classic cars 2022

We’ve trawled the market to bring you the best modern classics Italy has to offer
24 May 2022
Best French modern classic cars 2022
Best French modern classic cars - header image
Modern classics

Best French modern classic cars 2022

French car manufacturing has had its highs and lows, but the cars listed here are all bona fide modern classics
24 May 2022
New 2023 Peugeot 9X8 Hypercar ready to take on Le Mans
Peugeot 9X8 Hypercar 1
News

New 2023 Peugeot 9X8 Hypercar ready to take on Le Mans

Peugeot’s 9X8 will race in this year’s World Endurance Championship and will enter the new Le Mans Hybrid class in 2023
20 May 2022
Fiat Panda and Tipo Garmin special editions arrive
Fiat Panda and Tipo Garmin special editions
Fiat

Fiat Panda and Tipo Garmin special editions arrive

New look for Panda and Tipo thanks to Fiat and Garmin collaboration
16 May 2022

Most Popular

New Kia Niro EV prototype review
Kia Niro EV  prototype - front
Kia Niro

New Kia Niro EV prototype review

We get behind the wheel of a pre-production prototype version of the 201bhp Kia Niro EV
22 May 2022
Best motorhomes 2022: the top 5 picks for all budgets
Chausson motorhome
Tips & advice

Best motorhomes 2022: the top 5 picks for all budgets

In the market for a new motorhome? Here are our top-five recommendations...
18 May 2022
Citroen Ami on sale in the UK this summer from £7,695
Citroen Ami UK - front static
Citroen Ami

Citroen Ami on sale in the UK this summer from £7,695

The compact quadricycle is pricier than first thought, but the Citroen Ami will still be the UK’s cheapest ‘car’
24 May 2022