Car Tech A to Z: L is for limited slip diff, live infotainment and more
The letter L in our A to Z of car tech series explains limited slip differentials, live infotainment, and much more
The technology contained within the modern motor car can be both fascinating and slightly baffling. Most such technology exists to make our cars safer, more efficient and just better than ever to drive but some of it can be quite confusing for the average motorist. In this A to Z series we will attempt to unravel the mystery of technology that is the modern motor car. This week, we’re visiting the letter L…
L is for…limited slip differential. The limited slip differential was invented in the 1930s for use on the hugely powerful Auto Union Formula One cars.
Its purpose is to limit wheelspin across the driven axle by allowing the output shafts to rotate at different speeds, while at the same time limiting the difference in the speeds between the two shafts.
The limited slip diff is therefore a very useful piece of technology to have on a powerful car, be that front or rear driven.
But it also gives four wheel drive vehicles a major advantage when driving off road or even just in slippery conditions – because by varying the torque between and across the axles, a limited slip diff simply generates more traction.
Once again, many such systems are operated by electronics nowadays. They are known as e-diffs – but the basic principal of varying the output speeds between the drive shafts remains the same as it was in the 1930s.
L is for…Lane Keep Assist. Employed as a safety feature currently but a technology that will become more relevant as our cars become more autonomous, Lane Keep Assist works by using radars and sensors to the front and sides that detect if a vehicle is straying from its lane – if, for example, a driver begins to fall asleep or for whatever reason loses consciousness.
The steering is gently but automatically applied, and even the brakes will be applied if an impact becomes imminent.
L is for…Live Infotainment. Infotainment systems have become increasingly complex in cars, and most of them are live nowadays. This enables high speed connection to the internet via on-board wi-fi systems, and much greater connectivity in general – not just for the driver but for passengers too. Cars have never been so entertaining to simply travel in as a result.
As with most modern Live Infotainment systems, voice control is also possible and a touchscreen enables you to swipe and pinch through the various menus – just as you do on a tablet. And the home screen is also customisable.
L is for…lightweight technology. All car makers are working endlessly to make their vehicles as light as possible nowadays, while at the same time making them safer and stronger than ever.
And that’s a tough ask because the numerous safety systems of a modern car tend also to add weight, and lots of it. So the only solution is to use the lightest components possible for the core structures of the car, and for the body panels and so on.
And that basically means using either carbon fibre – which is heinously expensive to make and very awkward to fix if damaged – or aluminium or, sometimes, a hybrid mix of the two.
Next, the letter M…
- 1IntroductionThe ultimate A to Z guide to the latest car technology, helping car buyers bust through the jargon and understand the benefits
- 2A is for adaptive cruise control, ABS, airbags and more...The letter A in our A to Z of Car Tech explains adaptive cruise control, ABS brakes, Adaptive Terrain response and auto dimming mirrors
- 3B is for Blind Spot Monitoring, brakes and moreThe letter B in our A to Z of car tech series...
- 4C is for chassis, connectivity and moreThe letter C in our A to Z of car tech explains chassis tech, connectivity, cruise control and carbon fibre
- 5D is for diesel, dampers and moreThe letter D in our A to Z of car tech explains diesel, dampers, dynamic drive and designers
- 6E is for electric vehicles, engines and moreThe letter E in our A to Z of car tech explains electric vehicles, economy modes, engines and exhausts...
- 7F is for fly-by-wire, four-wheel drive and moreThe letter F in our A to Z of car tech series is for four-wheel drive, fly-by-wire and future technology.
- 8G is for gearbox, and moreThe letter G in our A to Z of car tech examines how gearboxes work
- 9H is for headlights, head up display and moreThe letter H in our A to Z of car tech series explains headlights, head up displays and hill descent control
- 10I is for Inconel and in-car protectionThe letter I in our A to Z of car tech explains the nickel-chromium alloy Inconel, plus in-car protection in the form of airbags
- 11J is for J-GateThe letter J in our A to Z of car tech series looks at the infamous J-Gate automatic transmission
- 12K is for keysThe letter K in our A to Z of car tech series takes a look at the humble car key
- 13L is for limited slip diff, live infotainment and more - currently readingThe letter L in our A to Z of car tech series explains limited slip differentials, live infotainment, and much more
- 14M is for monocoques, metallic paint and mirrorsThe letter M in our A to Z of car tech series explains monocoques, metallic paint and mirrors…
- 15N is for navigationThe letter N in our A to Z of car tech series explains the history of navigation
- 16O is for odometer and occupant sensorsThe letter O in our A to Z of car tech series explores odometers and occupant sensors
- 17P is for parking assist, powertrains and moreThe letter P in our A to Z of car tech series explores parking assist, pedestrian protection and powertrains
- 18R is for rear-wheel-drive and regenerative brakingThe letter R in our A to Z of car cech series examines regenerative braking, rear-wheel-drive and more…
- 19S is for suspension and superchargingThe letter S in our A to Z of car tech series explains suspension systems and supercharging
- 20T is for traction control, tyres, and moreThe letter T in our A to Z of car tech series looks at traction control, torque vectoring, and tyres…
- 21U is for urban windscreenThe letter U in our A to Z of car tech series examines the function of the urban windscreen
- 22V is for virtual reality and valve stemsThe letter V in our A to Z of car tech series explores virtual reality and the function of valve stems
- 23W is for wheelsThe letter W in our A to Z of car tech series examines how the modern wheel is crafted
- 24X is for Xenon headlightsThe letter X in our A to Z of car tech series examines the inner workings of xenon headlights
- 25Y is for yaw controlThe letter Y in our A to Z of car tech series explains the workings of yaw control
- 26Z is for zero emissions vehiclesThe letter Z in our A to Z of car tech series looks at the future of zero emissions vehicles